Digitizing the Yale Babylonian Collection

Material Description

The Yale Babylonian Collection holds virtually every genre, type, and period of ancient Mesopotamian writing, including commemorative inscriptions, scholarly treatises, letters and business documents, administrative accounts, inscribed seals, seal impressions, and other objects, and literature in Sumerian, Akkadian, and Hittite. Among its particular treasures are tablets of the Epic of Gilgamesh and other epic narratives, a group of the world’s oldest recipes, a large corpus of magic spells and mathematical texts, royal correspondence in Sumerian and Akkadian, and a Sumerian agricultural manual. Of special interest is the oeuvre of the first author in history whose work can be identified: a princess called Enheduanna, whose passionate poetry, composed over 4200 years ago, was first discovered and edited in the Collection.

Year Added:



Yale University


Dr. Agnete Lassen

Date Range

3200 - 150

Geographic Scope

Ancient Mesopotamia, present day Iraq, Syria, Turkey. By far the largest group of the YBC materials derive from Southern Iraq, and in particular the site of ancient Umma.


  • 34098 Artifacts