Hanford Site Manhattan Project and Cold War Era Artifacts 3D Digital Repository

Material Description

During its years of operation from 1943 through the end of the Cold War in 1989, the Hanford Site produced 65% of the weapons grade plutonium placed in the US nuclear arsenal. With no pre-1943 “plutonium infrastructure” in place, many of the tools and technologies used were, of necessity, “one-of-a-kind.” Hence, the extraordinary artifacts housed in the Hanford Collection document the unique means and methods used to advance Hanford’s singular mission: the manufacture, irradiation, and chemical separation of metallic uranium fuel elements (“slugs”) required for the creation of plutonium. The effects of plutonium on humans, animals, and the environment were largely unknown at the time. Because of this uncertainty, continuous radiation monitoring was incorporated into every aspect of work on the Site. From this intensive scrutiny, many subsequent “best practices” in radiation safety were first discovered and developed here. Growth in the nascent field of health physics, for instance (overseen at Hanford by one of the pioneers of radiological research, Herbert M. Parker), was greatly accelerated by the monitoring programs Parker and others put in place. With its vast array of radiological surveying and monitoring tools the Hanford Collection offers an unrivalled catalog of these uniquely modern instruments and their evolution. Finally, these artifacts provide an extraordinary lens through which to view the daily lives of Hanford residents: at home or at work, at rest or play, the lotion and liquor bottles, bicycles, furniture, and other items gathered here tell the story of lives at once mundane and world-historical.

Year Added:



Washington State University


Dr. Michael Mays
Washington State University

Mr. Thomas Marceau
Washington State University

Mr. Kyle Parker-McGlynn

Collaborating Institution(s)

B Reactor Museum Association, Richland, WA

Date Range

1943 - 1943

Geographic Scope

The geographic scope of this project is DOE’s Hanford Site, a 586 square mile complex that was chosen in 1943 to produce Plutonium for the Manhattan Project. A small portion of that area now makes up one of the three sites of the Manhattan Project National Historical Park.


  • 2750 Artifacts